Philadelphia's Altered Landscape
The names and locations of the myriad streams that once traversed the landscape of Philadelphia is only one of the topics covered in this extraordinary website. The site was created by Adam Levine, a consulting historian with the Philadelphia Water Department, and contains large volumes of reports, photographs, maps, paintings, and other images documenting the historical development of the city's watersheds and sewers, from the founding of William Penn's "greene country towne" through the present day. More importantly, this site represents a vitally important chronicle of our city's original topography and the ways in which it has been successively and extensively altered by past construction, development, and urban expansion.
Native American Heritage — Past and Present
To learn more about the Philadelphia region's Native American heritage please take the time to explore the links provided below. Though by no means a comprehensive source directory, these links provide additional and more in-depth information regarding the Delaware Valley's Native American peoples, both past and present, and as seen through their own eyes as well as from an archaeological perspective.
Federally Recognized Tribes — Native groups originally from Pennsylvania that have been recognized by the United States government as Sovereign Nations. There are currently no tribal organizations within Pennsylvania that have been officially recognized by the state government.
Delaware Nation (Oklahoma)
Stockbridge-Munsee Community (Wisconsin)
Delaware Valley Native American History and Culture
Archaeological Perspectives — an overview created by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission that discusses local Native peoples and the information currently known about them, from an archaeological point of view. The second link provides archaeology-based curricula and other material that may be of interest to teachers and students.
- PA Bookstore
list of books related to local Native Americans and archaeology available through the State Museum of Pennsylvania
- The Lenape-Delaware Indian Heritage
still the definitive book on Lenape archaeology
- Google Books
Peoples of the River Valleys — a new book chronicling Native American groups in the Delaware and lower Hudson valleys